Winter Lectures 2014

Winter Lectures 2014

1814: Settling the First Settlers – Ka māoritia te Pākehā

Winter Lectures 2014
A Māori bartering a crayfish with an English naval officer – 1769

This six-lecture series commemorates the 200th anniversary of the arrival of Pākehā settlers in New Zealand to live – at Māori invitation – at Te Hohi (Oihi) in the northern Bay of Islands.

Origin stories about Māori–Pākehā relationships typically start with the 1840 Treaty of Waitangi, yet decades of Māori–Pākehā relationships before the Treaty were pivotal to that agreement, and to Pākehā settlement.

This lecture series featuring internationally renowned speakers will take you on a journey through this fascinating time in the history of Aotearoa-New Zealand.

Recordings of the lectures will be available on this page in the days following each lecture.

The 'sham fight' and the pōwhiri: Sowing the first Pākehā settlers into the land

Professors Alison Jones and Kuni Kaa Jenkins

Lecture 1, Tuesday 22 July, 1-2pm

On 24 December 1814, two days after the arrival at the Bay of Islands of the ship carrying the first Pākehā settlers, an event "of a wild grandeur of the noblest description" involving about 400 warriors took place on the beach at Te Hohi. Was it a 'sham fight', as the new arrivals assumed? Or was it a far more important moment, as iwi of the Bay of Islands brought the Pākehā settlers into their midst to become one of them? This lecture tracks the key relationships, starting in 1793, that led up to this moment of reception, and considers the Māori ambivalence about their invitation to Pākehā to live in New Zealand.

Adam Smith and Māori: Māori economy meets settler economy

Associate Professor Mānuka Hēnare

Lecture 2, Tuesday 29 July, 1-2pm

This lecture debates the impact of Adam Smith's influence in early settler society in Nu Tireni-New Zealand and its clash with a dynamic tribally-focused economy in the early 19th century. Two distinct economic histories are discussed: the settler market economy of exploitation and capitalism with its roots in English feudalism, and the indigenous Austronesian-East Polynesian-Māori market economy of mana or affection with roots in South-East Asia and Te Moana-Nui-a-Kiwa (Pacific). It is argued that a distinctive model of economics and business, an ambi-economic model, is now emerging in Aotearoa-New Zealand – offering the best of settler and indigenous economies.

World travellers: Thomas Kendall, Te Rākau and Hongi Hika

Distinguished Professor Dame Anne Salmond

Lecture 3, Tuesday 5 August, 1-2pm

On 10 June 1814, Thomas Kendall landed at the Bay of Islands, one of two missionaries sent on a first exploratory voyage to New Zealand. Ruatara, a young chief whom he had met at Port Jackson, took them to Rangihoua, which became the site of the first mission station. There he introduced them to Te Rakau, the principal priest, and his kinsman Hongi Hika, a great warrior and leading aristocrat in the Bay. Thomas Kendall later forged close relationships with these men, travelling with Hongi Hika to England where they worked with Professor Lee at Cambridge on a grammar of Māori, and studying Māori language and cosmology with Te Rakau. When he had an affair with Te Rakau's daughter, Tungaroa, he was expelled from the mission. Kendall was enthralled by Māori cosmological ideas and their expression in carving, te reo and the human body. This lecture reflects upon the entanglements between worlds in the exchanges between Thomas Kendall and Te Rakau, Tungaroa and Hongi Hika, and the futures they might flash up for us two hundred years later.

Accounting for Pākehā

Associate Professor Alex Calder

Lecture 4, Tuesday 12 August, 1-2pm

On a beach in the Hokianga, in the early 1830s, a Pākehā lays out all the axes, blankets, muskets, and so forth agreed with the assembled tribe as full and final payment for a section of land. As the goods are being divided into piles, a kaumatua gives his share a slight shove with his foot and says,"‘I will not accept any of the payment; I will have the Pākehā." In purchasing his estate, the Pākehā not only becomes the property of the chief who sold him the land, but also a portion of the price paid. Yet what, to this rangatira, is the value of his Pākehā? And, having got himself a Pākehā, what vexations might ownership bring? In this lecture, Associate Professor Calder explains how a comedy of cross-cultural exchange in the writings of F. E. Maning offers a critique of the founding words and deeds of settlement.

My musket, my missionary, and my mana

Professor Patu Hohepa

Note: Unfortunately Professor Hohepa is now unable to attend in person. Associate Professor Manuka Henare will be delivering the lecture on Professor Hohepa’s behalf. 

Lecture 5, Tuesday 19 August, 1-2pm

What was the view from the Ngāpuhi side of the beach concerning the coming of the European settlers? "My mana was waiting for my missionaries to enable me to obtain my muskets so that I can regain and then enhance my mana I lost on the battlefields." – this would have been the refrain in the minds of Hongi Hika, Ruatara, and the other young Ngāpuhi leaders in 1814. As more and more muskets entered the weapon arsenal of the hapū, they were incorporated into the culture of Ngāpuhi. And those missionaries who did not participate in the trade for muskets quickly lost their value to communities; they became Pākehā tūtuā (Pākehā commoners) with less mana than local traders.