Civil Society Actors during and after Humanitarian Crises in Aceh, Indonesia


Project code: ART016

Disciplinary Area

Development Studies

 

The project investigates civil society involvement in the reconstruction and development projects carried out in Aceh, Indonesia after the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, and the degree reconstruction efforts have empowered local capacities, transferred skills and knowledge, and reduced risk. Most research on post-tsunami Aceh was conducted during the reconstruction [2005 – 2009]. To date there is no comprehensive analysis of the long-term success/failures, and sustainability of aid and reconstruction efforts around the Indian Ocean – leaving Aceh a largely under-realized source of data in spite of the funding and attention it has received. The Summer Scholar will support investigations into the transformations of civil society in Aceh from the post-disaster period through present day and the extent to which civil society organizations (CSOs) created during the reconstruction have continued their work after the reconstruction. Overarching research questions include:

1.             What roles did CSOs play in Aceh prior to the tsunami?

2.             Did existing CSOs change their focus after the tsunami and become involved in the reconstruction efforts

3.             Was there a growth in CSOs after the tsunami and reconstruction (expansion of existing ones and/or formation of new ones)?

4.             How have CSOs in Aceh changed following the end of the reconstruction efforts in 2009?

Scholar’s Work

To provide background in support of answering these questions, the Summer Scholar will conduct reviews of the existing social science literature on the role and transformations of civil society in post-disaster settings. Tasks and responsibilities include

1.             Review and identify gaps in the existing social science literature on civil society in post-disaster contexts.

2.             Provide concise summaries of relevant readings with key quotes. 

3.             Assist with the analysis, compilation, and presentation of research findings.

Required Skills/Pre-requisites

The summer scholar should have very good academic writing skills and be proficient in the use of referencing systems, such as Endnotes or RefWorks. S/he should be firmly grounded in the social sciences and familiar with the wider field of Development Studies or cognate disciplines such as social anthropology and geography. Applicants with experience in critical studies of either civil society and/or disaster recovery, either through intensive prior engagement with the relevant literature or through own travel, volunteer, or work experience, will receive priority.

Knowledge of Bahasa Indonesia (Indonesian language) is highly desirable but not essential for this summer scholar position.

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The Tourism-Disaster-Conflict Nexus


Project code: ART034

Disciplinary Area

Development Studies

 

This edited book project aims at unravelling the complex linkages between tourism, disaster and conflict. The tourism industry has often been assigned a pivotal role in the reconstruction and recovery efforts after major natural disasters. Prospective tourists have been lured into supporting post-disaster rehabilitation simply through visiting disaster-affected areas. Yet, prioritising the tourism sector in the recovery process may have unintended consequences: less touristic areas that have been severely affected by the disaster may receive less humanitarian relief support. Disaster recovery processes in the tourism industry can also be highly uneven, as multinational hotel chains tend to recover much more swiftly and increase both their market share and their control over important natural resources. Another dimension of the tourism-conflict-disaster nexus exists when disasters occur in war-torn countries and post-conflict states or regions. Disasters may exacerbate pre-existing conflict situations by increasing competition over scarce natural resources and relief funds, or they may catalyse conflict resolution following an intolerable excess of additional suffering among fighting parties. Tourism ventures may offer post-conflict livelihood opportunities, but potentially trigger new conflicts. These are just some of the issues that the chapters will address in this book’s exploration of the tourism-conflict-disaster nexus.

Scholar’s Work

The summer scholar is expected to do an extensive literature review and meta-analysis of scholarly articles on the various linkages between tourism, conflict and disaster. S/he will contribute to editing a volume on “The Tourism-Conflict-Disaster Nexus” in the book series “Community, Environment and Development” to be published with Emerald Publishing Group, Bingley, UK in mid-2017. More specifically, s/he will communicate with the various contributors to this volume, will provide detailed comments on how to improve the content of the various chapters and will proof-read the chapters authored by non-native English writers. The summer scholar will co-author at least one of the book chapters and/or a journal article that will draw on the literature review and meta-analysis.

Required Skills/Pre-requisites

The summer scholar should have very good academic writing skills and be proficient in the use of referencing systems, such as Endnotes or RefWorks. S/he should be familiar the wider field of Development Studies and be firmly grounded in the social sciences. A background and/or interest in environment and development, tourism and development, conflict and development or disaster management and disaster risk reduction is preferable. Applicants who are familiar with the topic of tourism, disaster and conflict either through intensive prior engagement with the relevant literature or through own travel or volunteer experience, will be given priority.

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