New research could ease the way to second language learning

16 February 2017
Dr Shaofeng Li
Dr Shaofeng Li

Research by a language teaching expert from the University of Auckland could bring major changes to second language teaching and improve chances of success for those who fail in traditional classes.

Dr Shaofeng Li, a senior lecturer of applied language studies in the Faculty of Arts, is looking at the learning phenomenon that enables learners to pick up a foreign language through exposure to and use of the language, not through challenging, conscious study.

He wants to identify the key to this type of learning and find a way to bring it into the classroom.

“Traditionally, we talk about people having an ‘aptitude’ for language, and what we mean is that they learn better than others under traditional methods,” says Dr Li.  “They are good at memorising words, analysing sentence structure and mimicking pronunciation.”

What Dr Li wants to do is identify and measure the aptitudes for learning language ‘unconsciously’ – that is, learning without being aware that you are actually ‘learning’ – and look at how this knowledge could be used in the classroom to maximize learning outcomes.  

His research has been awarded a $300,000 Marsden Fund grant and will start in March.

For a country of dedicated travellers, English-speaking New Zealanders have a poor record of language learning. Many of us have sat in classrooms with our verbs and tenses, stumbling over pronunciation and dreaming that one day we will know enough to chat easily with the locals on our travels.

Unfortunately, for most, dreaming is as far as it goes. The challenge of mastering another language is just too hard and so we remain monolingual. Apparently 80 percent of New Zealanders speak one language, and high school language take-up continues to fall.

“It is a fact that many people dread learning a foreign language,” says Dr Li, who is based at the faculty’s School of Cultures, Languages and Linguistics.

“Taught consciously, it is challenging. It takes a lot of effort and English speakers in particular can be less motivated than people who speak other languages,” says Dr Li.

But, he points out, we all learnt the language of our birth effortlessly and efficiently so we know there is a natural ability within all of us. “Contrary to what many people assume, adults possess a similar ability, although it may not be the same as children’s language faculty.”

He is confident his research will identify where this ability lies and how it can be exploited for adults with the ultimate aim of making it easier for everyone to enjoy the benefits of fluency in a second language.

“Learning another language widens your vision and gives you another perspective of the world. It enables you to appreciate other cultures and deal with people in a way that is beneficial for your personal life and career development,” says Dr Li.

English is Dr Li’s second language – he was born and educated in China and learnt traditionally by memorising words and perfecting grammar. His speaking skills, he says, came from living and working in English speaking countries – the US and New Zealand.

“But maybe if I’d been taught differently, it would not have taken me 20 or 30 years to get the skills I have today."

Contact

Anna Kellett, Media Relations Adviser

Email: anna.kellett@auckland.ac.nz