Learn about the purpose and aims of the New Zealand Centre for Environmental Law.
Working for sustainability
The NZCEL conducts legal and interdisciplinary research into environmental law and governance, including its conceptual foundations, implementation and enforcement. New Zealand’s environmental legislation is among the most advanced in the world and many of NZCEL’s activities are focused on sustainability issues. NZCEL has pioneered the field of sustainable development law, integrating environmental, social, cultural and economic policies on the basis of ecological integrity. These activities have been advanced through participation by its members in international and national conferences and symposia, by internationally published books and articles, and by production of the New Zealand Journal of Environmental Law and the NZCEL Monograph Series.
Two NZCEL members are pioneers in the development of ecological approaches to environmental law. This requires human activities and aspirations to be determined by the need to protect and restore the integrity of ecological systems. Klaus Bosselmann has been instrumental in the establishment of the Ecological Law and Governance Association.
The NZCEL coordinates an extensive environmental law postgraduate programme at the University of Auckland Faculty of Law. The programme has a wide range of subjects taught as intensive courses or semester-long courses and supervisions of a large number of Masters and PhD students. Our programme involves the active participation of PhD students in dedicated subject areas, research projects and other activities. Academic members of NZCEL are well recognised leaders in their fields, representing a wide spectrum of research interests.
PhD students are particularly encouraged in the following areas:
- International environmental law and governance;
- Sustainability law and the precautionary approach;
- Constitutional frameworks for sustainability;
- Ecological legal theory;
- Human rights and the environment;
- Climate change and energy law;
- Biodiversity law;
- New Zealand resource management and environmental law;
- Environmental law and indigenous peoples.
The Centre's aims include:
- Develop monodisciplinary and multidisciplinary research programmes in the various fields of environmental law and policy.
- Explore the relationship between environmental law and the Treaty of Waitangi and developments in environmental law in relation to the aims, aspirations and rights of Maori and other indigenous peoples.
- Develop programmes to encourage and support graduate research on environmental law and policy.
- Provide a wide range of expertise for consulting services.
- Establish links with relevant research centres and environmental law associations in New Zealand and internationally.
- Organise conferences and seminars for scholars and researchers, the legal profession, government agencies and business.
- Make submissions to government on environmental law reform proposals.
- Publish research.
In addition to the New Zealand Journal for Environmental Law and the Monograph Series, NZCEL members publish their research in a diverse range of books, journals and other publications. Publication lists can be accessed via Our People.
Recent highlights include:
Sustainability and Property Rights Conference – 17 June 2021:
NZCEL is partnering with the Institute for Environmental Law, University of Augsberg, Germany to present a collaborative conference profiling academics from both institutions. This conference focuses on the topic from the perspective of both the German and New Zealand legal jurisdictions.
For more information contact email@example.com
National Climate Change Acts:
The Emergence, Form and Nature of National Framework Climate Legislation (ed) Thomas Muinzer, Hart Publishing 2020.
This ground breaking book collects contributions from many of the world’s leading climate and energy scholars and provides the first major study of national Climate Change Acts. In addition to broad internationalist chapters, deep-dive national case study chapters are included for individual countries. These include Mexico, Denmark, France, Ireland and Sweden. Prue Taylor contributed a chapter on New Zealand’s Zero Carbon legislation which was still before Parliament at the time of writing.
Improving biodiversity values through urban development
The idea that ecosystems could be better off because of human development clashes with assumptions that the best we can do is not make things much worse. But countries are exploring the idea that subdivisions or farming or any development activity contributes to improving biodiversity values. That is, demonstrate biological diversity, a measure of ecological health, will be better off because of a proposed development. Stephen Knight-Lenihan is researching into how the uncertain science, resting heavily on biodiversity offsetting, can be used effectively by legislators and regulators in this contentious field.
Knight-Lenihan, S. (2020). Achieving biodiversity net gain in a neoliberal economy: The case of England.
Using Law and Policy for Greater Protection of ‘Green Spaces’:
Professor David Grinlinton was the PI for a Faculty Research Development Fund project to examine the use of legal mechanisms such as conservation covenants and access easements to give greater access to green spaces while protecting the ecological values of those areas. In collaboration with Professor Chris Rodgers of the Newcastle University Faculty of Law in the UK, the project involved a comparative examination of the law and policy in New Zealand, Scotland, and England and Wales. The research produced some findings on the efficacy of various statutory and common law mechanisms, and will be useful for lawmakers in the UK and New Zealand, and in other countries undertaking law reform in this area. An article containing the results of the research entitled “Covenanting for Nature: A Comparative Study of the Utility and Potential of Conservation Covenants” is forthcoming in (2020) Modern Law Review, Vol 83, Issue 2, 373-405.
The Crisis in Global Ethics and the Future of Global Governance: Fulfilling the Promise of the Earth Charter (edited by Peter D. Burdon, Klaus Bosselmann and Kristen Engel)
Calling for a renewed discussion on global ethics, this book responds to two seminal works on global ethics and the Earth Charter, written by J Ronald Engel. It aims to inspire an active movement that can reclaim the moral high ground and motivate the vision of a just, sustainable future. Klaus Bosselmann and Prue Taylor (both involved in the drafting of the original Earth Charter) contribute chapters. Klaus addresses global ecological constitutionalism and Prue has written a chapter on the life and work of Ronald and his wife, a renowned poet, Joan Engel.
What does sustainability mean for administrative law in Germany? And how can the principle best be applied, especially in environmental and planning legislation? These questions took Martin Kment, a German Professor of Law, to New Zealand to undertake a
comparative analysis of the New Zealand and German legal systems. The analysis, which was completed after two intensive years of academic research at the University of Auckland, was recently published. The monograph is published in German under the title “Die Neujustierung des Nachhaltigkeitsprinzips im Verwaltungsrecht – Lückenschluss in der Nachhaltigkeitsdogmatik nach neuseeländischem Vorbild“ (‘Readjusting the Principle of Sustainability in Administrative Law – Closing Doctrinal Gaps using the New Zealand Model’). It aims to have a significant influence on the sustainability-debate in Germany, Europe and in other countries dealing with this important principle of law. The monograph has already generated particular interest from German scholars. This is because it has enabled comparison and because it provides a welcome source of new approaches to apply sustainability to environmental law.
Dr Kment is a visitor and regular contributor to the work of NZCEL.
Professor Grinlinton recently published the above work as a chapter in the International Yearbook of Soil Law and Policy 2018 (pp 55-82). David’s chapter provides a comprehensive overview of New Zealand’s environmental management framework for soils. He uses a representative group of recent cases to examine the factors and criteria used by the courts to resolve conflicts between property owners and regulatory authorities. This work is particularly timely. In response to growing concern about the loss of high grade soils to urban expansion, the Government has announced the development of a national policy statement for Versatile Land and High Class Soils. This chapter provides valuable context for input into this national policy guidance. Protecting our valuable land.
Visiting Academics Programme
Each year NZCEL invites some of the world’s leading environmental law scholars to teach intensive Master courses. Distinguished environmental law scholars may contact NZCEL if they are interested in visiting or taking a guest lecture.
- Visitors to NZCEL have included:
Professor Joanne Scott from University College of London taught an intensive course on European Environmental Law and Governance.
- Professor Christina Voigt from the University of Oslo taught an intensive course on Climate Change Law.
- Dr Janice Gray from the University of New South Wales taught an intensive course on Water Law and Policy.
- Dr David Vanderzwaag from Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada taught an intensive course on Oceans Law and Governance.
- Professor Donald Brown from Widener University School of Law, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania taught an intensive course on Climate Change Law, International Developments and Prospects.
Among semester-long courses in the postgraduate programme is Global Environmental Law taught by Professor Klaus Bosselmann and Selected Issues in Environmental Law taught by Professor David Grinlinton.
For more information see the postgraduate prospectus.
Opportunities for student engagement
The Law School offers a range of opportunities for students to engage in the research work of NZCEL. The two primary opportunities are through the Summer Scholarship and the Community Placement programme. Academic staff also employ students as research assistants.
NZCEL members partner and collaborate with a range of institutions and research entities around the world. These include:
The Getches-Wilkinson Center for Natural Resources Energy and the Environment at University of Colorado at Boulder
The Centre for Law and the Environment at Peter A. Allard School of Law, University of British Columbia