Our Energy Centre members have produced a number of research publications, which include articles, reports, presentations and working papers.

Project reports

Polynesian Pathways to a Future Without Electricity Grids

This report was prepared by Peter Wilson (NZIER), Basil Sharp (University of Auckland), Kiti Suomalainen (University of Auckland), and Gareth Williams (Nexgen Energy Solutions).

Annual reports

Energy Centre Annual Report 2018-2019

Energy Centre Annual Report 2017-2018

Energy Centre Annual Report 2016-2017

Working papers

Market Power in the New Zealand electricity wholesale market 2010-2016 (2020)

The NZ electricity market design, which is "Energy Only", is one of the least regulated markets in the world. There are a few explicit measures aimed at aleviating market power - for example there is no price cap or capacity Market. 

Well-to-wheel comparison of emissions and energy consumption for electric vehicles: Oceanian perspective (2019)

Although electric vehicles are widely accepted to be the pathway for minimising traffic emissions, those powered by fossil dominated power sources may be a limited solution to reducing emissions. This study presents a comparative study of the Australian and New Zealand vehicle markets on emissions and energy consumption using well-to-wheel analysis. A vehicle uptake model is developed, based on sales targets set by both countries to study the long-term impacts of electric vehicles through 2050.

A systematic review of dynamic wireless charging infrastructure location problem for electric vehicles (2019)

This paper presents a review of the evolution of Wireless Power Transfer (WPT) technology over the years and issues related to its infrastructure allocation in terms of real-world integration. The first part of the paper provides an overview of all the major progress and achievements made by different research organisations in the area of WPT technology for EV charging. The second part of
the paper assesses different modelling techniques used to optimise the location of static and dynamic wireless charging (DWC) facilities. This study also provides a synopsis of different socio-economic studies related to the DWC infrastructure allocation problem.

Transport emissions, road energy consumption, and economic growth: a cointegration analysis of the environmental Kuznets curve in New Zealand (2019)

This paper explores the causality relationship between economic growth, road energy consumption, and pollutant emissions from the transport sector in NZ during 1977 to 2013. The ARDL bounds testing to cointegration procedure is conducted, followed by the Granger causality approach, to test the validity of the transport-energy EKC hypothesis.

Market Power in the NZ wholesale market 2010-2016 (published September 2018)

This paper concludes that in the seven years from 2010 to 2016, power generators pocketed an extra $5.4 billion in profits over and above what they would have if the market was truly competitive, which is 36% of revenue.

Real-Time Pricing and Imperfect Competition in Electricity Markets (2017)

This paper examines the welfare implications  of shifting customers onto real-time price contracts in a setting where firms can exercise market power.

The Spatial Analysis of Wind Generation on Nodal Prices in New Zealand (2016)

This paper uses panel data models to estimate the impact of wind generation on nodal price.

Solar PV in a hydro based grid - A New Zealand case study (2016)

This paper examines the potential contribution that solar can make to New Zealand’s electricity mix, by looking at indicative statistics and running simulations.

Solar potential on Auckland rooftops based on LiDAR data (2016)

This document gives some background to the use of LiDAR data used for solar potential assessment and the details of the methodology used to treat the data.

Aggregate Road Passenger Travel Demand in New Zealand (2016)

This paper estimates road passenger demand.

Noninvasive Test Scheduling in Live Electricity Markets at Transpower New Zealand (2016)

This paper describes a novel scheme devised and implemented by Transpower, to allow for scheduling the large number of tests necessary to complete the installation of the new HVDC pole, in a live electricity market environment.  

Economic Growth and Transort Carbon Dioxide Emissions in New Zealand: A Co-Integration Analysis of the Environmental Kuznets Curve (2018)

This paper uses the autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) bounds test to examine whether the environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) relationship holds between environmental degradation indicators from the transport sector and economic growth in New Zealand.

Journal articles

Peer-reviewed publications from the Energy Centre:


Ramesh Chandra Majhia, Prakash Ranjitkara, Mingyue Sheng, Grant A. Journal of Transport Geography (2020). Impact of bus rapid transit on residential property prices in Auckland, New Zealand

Mingyue Sheng, Ajith Viswanath Sreenivasan, Basil Sharp, Douglas Wilson, Prakash Ranjitkar. Technological Forecast and Social Change, (2020). Economic analysis of dynamic inductive power transfer roadway charging system under public-private partnership-Evidence from New Zealand,  

Ming Yi, Yiqian Wang, Mingyue Sheng, Basil Sharp, Yao Zhang, Ecological Economics (2020). Effects of heterogeneous technical progress on haze pollution: Evidence from China.

Guang, F. & Wen, L. Environmental Science and Pollution Research (2020). Growth pattern changes in China’s energy consumption. 


Sheng, Mingyue; Sharp, Basil. Journal of Transport Economics and Policy (2019). Commuter’s Transport Mode Preferences and Social Network Effects in New Zealand



Batstone, S., G. Pritchard, G. Zakeri. Non-invasive test scheduling of the grid over live electricity markets, Interfaces.

Berka A. (2017). Community energy in the UK: A Short History, Chapter 59 in: Handbook of Participation and Energy Transitions (Eds. Holstenkamp L., Radtke J.), Springer VS Wiesbaden. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-658-09416-4, ISBN: 978-3-658-09416-4.

Berka A., E. Creamer (2017). Taking stock of the local impacts of community owned renewable energy: a review and research agenda, Sustainable and Renewable Energy Reviews.

Berka A., J. Harnmeijer, B. Slee (2017). Crossing the Rubicon: the 2015 UK renewable electricity reforms and implications for Scotland. Chapter 8 in: A Critical Review of Scottish Renewable and Low Carbon Energy Policy: Implications for the Independence Debate, Wood G. and Baker K. (Eds.), London: Palgrave Macmillan. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-56898-0, ISBN: 978-3-319-56898-0.

Harnmeijer, A. A comparative analysis of the costs of onshore wind energy: is there a case for community specific support?, Energy Policy.

MacArthur, Julie L. (2018) “Chapter 55: Community energy in Aotearoa/New Zealand” in Lars Holstenkamp and Jörg Radtke (eds) Energy Transition and Participation, Springer VS.

Suomalainen, Kiti, Vincent Wang, and Basil Sharp (2017). Rooftop solar potential based on LiDAR data: Bottom-up assessment at neighbourhood level, Renewable Energy, 111, 463-473.

Zakeri, G., J. Khazaei and S. Oren. Single and Multi-settlement Approaches to Market Clearing under Demand Uncertainty, Operations Research.


Downward, A., D. Young, G. Zakeri. Electricity contracting and policy choices under risk-aversion, European Journal of Operational Research, 2016, 251, 3, pp 846-859.

Flores-Quiroz, A., R. Palma-Behnke, G. Zakeri, R. Moreno. A column generation approach for solving generation expansion planning problems with high renewable energy penetration. Electric Power Systems Research, 2016, 136, pp 232-241.

Suomalainen, K. and B. Sharp. Electricity Sector Transformation and Renewable Energy Development in New Zealand, Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, Vol. 8, Issue 3, 2016.

Wu, A. Philpott, G. Zakeri. Investment and generation optimization in electricity systems with intermittent supply, Energy Systems, 2016, DOI: 10.1007/s12667-016-0210-z.


Burnell, J., B. van Campen, N. Kortright, J. Lawless, J. McLeod, K. Luketina, B. Robson. Sustainability of TVZ Geothermal Systems: The Regulatory Perspective, Geothermics-TVZ Special Issue, August 2015.

Cleland, N., B. Young, G. Zakeri. Boomer-Consumer: a model for load consumption and reserve offers in reserve constrained electricity markets, Computational Management Science, 12 (4), 519-537, 2015.

Puschel-Lovengreen, S., R. Palma-Behnke, B. van Campen. Systematic Tool to Plan and Evaluate Demand Side Strategies during Sustained Energy crises in Hydrothermal Power Systems, International Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems, October 2015.